LGV is spread by anal, oral or vaginal sex without a condom. Transmission may also occur through unprotected fisting or fingering of multiple partners at the same time or after each other. Sharing sex toys or sharing lubricant can also spread LGV.
LGV has three stages:
The most common means of detecting LGV is through a blood test and a swab of the infected site (urethral, rectal or vaginal).
Untreated, LGV can cause chronic draining and scarring, elephantiasis (swollen legs), and/or scrotal and penile swelling. In others, is can also cause salpingitis (inflammation of the uterine tubes), infertility and scarring of the labia.
LGV is treated with antibiotics. It is important that you take all the pills as directed, even if the symptoms have disappeared.
All sexual partners within the past two months should be examined and treated. They should be treated even if their test result is negative. If your partners do not have symptoms, it is still possible they have LGV.
Individuals should follow up with their doctor until symptoms have resolved. Do not have oral, vaginal or anal sex (even with a condom) while you and your partner are being treated.
Using a condom every time you have sex will greatly reduce your chances of getting LGV and other sexually transmitted infections. Wash or cover sex toys in a new condom, but it is best to not share sex toys. If you are fisting someone, wear latex gloves and do not share lubricant.